Yom Teruah (Rosh Hashanah)

Last Updated: 12/23/2023 17:18    | Print This Page | |

Christ’s first coming involved all four of the spring feast days. Four days before Pesach (Passover) every man, according to the house of their fathers, was to collect a male lamb under a year old for the house. On the first Passover, the lamb was the meal and its blood covered the door posts to protect the firstborn of Israel. In 30 AD, the Lamb of God went into His Father’s house to present Himself as the sacrificial Lamb and for several days was inspected by the Scribes, Pharisees, and Sadducees and found without blemish. On Passover He was killed just as the Passover lambs were being slaughtered at the end of Preparation Day for the week-long feast of Unleavened Bread.

Over the next three days of the seven days of Pesach Seder (Unleavened Bread), Yeshua lay in the tomb until the Wave Sheaf (Firstfruits) when He was no longer found in the tomb having resurrected as the firstfruits of them that slept. 1 Corinthians 15:20-26 Finally, after appearing to many, Yeshua ascended to heaven promising the Holy Spirit to come and comfort His people in His absence. On Shavuot (Feast of Weeks) 7 weeks later, the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples as tongues of fire and they were able to preach the Gospel in other languages that those around them could understand. And so began the spreading of the Gospel after Christ’s first coming was fulfilled until today.

Thus all of the first four spring feasts were fulfilled in His first coming. Could we then expect that Christ’s second coming will fulfill the remaining three fall feasts? The first of the fall feasts is Yom Teruah, the day of blowing of trumpets. Teruah actually means “alarm, shout, or blast of alarm or joy.”

Leviticus 23:23-25
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing(H8643 “teruah”) of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Numbers 29:1-6
And in the seventh month, on the first [day] of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. And ye shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD; one young bullock, one ram, [and] seven lambs of the first year without blemish: And their meat offering [shall be of] flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals for a bullock, [and] two tenth deals for a ram, And one tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs: And one kid of the goats [for] a sin offering, to make an atonement for you: Beside the burnt offering of the month, and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering, and his meat offering, and their drink offerings, according unto their manner, for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.

Just like the other six moedim, or appointed times, the day of blowing of the trumpets (Yom Teruah) is a Sabbath, an holy convocation in which no servile work was to be done. Unlike the other feasts, this is tied to the first day of the seventh month. Running on a lunar calendar, this meant that the month officially started with the first sighting of the new moon.

“One of the seven Moedim of Yahweh (Divine Appointments or Feasts) is called the Yom Teruah. It is also referred to as Rosh Hashanah or the Feast of Trumpets. Of the seven moedim, this one is the only one that doesn’t have an exact starting time. This moed begins only when two witnesses see the edge of the moon and report their sighting to the Sanhedrin. This requirement introduces slight variable time to it’s inception. The Jews celebrate what is supposed to be the first day of the seventh month, Tishri, (Leviticus 23:23-25) over a two-day period because it is ‘the day no one knows the day or hour.’ For this very reason, Yom Teruah was, and still is, referred to as ‘the moed that no one knows the day or hour of!’” | Jeff Van Hatten, No One Knows The Day or Hour, A Hebrew Idiom, Faith Writers
“The three great trumpets (shofarim) that mark major events in the redemptive plan of God are associated with days in the Biblical calendar. The first trump was associated with and was seen as being blown by God on the feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) when God gave the Torah at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:18-19).

“In his book, “Festivals of the Jewish Year” in the chapter on Rosh Hashanah, the Orthodox Jewish author (not a believer in Yeshua/Jesus as Messiah) will tell you that an idiom for Rosh Hashanah is the last trump. Therefore because the Last Trump is a Jewish idiom for Rosh Hashanah, the Apostle Paul, when referring to the resurrection of the dead happening at the “last trump,” was using a Jewish idiom for the feast of Rosh Hashanah and indicating that the resurrection of the dead and the catching away of believers will take place on Rosh Hashanah.

“The third significant shofar in the redemptive plan of God is called the Great Trump. The Great Trump is associated with and is blown on Yom Kippur.  Therefore, when Scripture explains that the Great Trump will sound and the elect will be gathered at this time, it is indicating that this very different event from the resurrection/harpazo will take place on Yom Kippur.” | Eddie Chumney, The Last Trump vs. The Great Trump
Exodus 19:4-9; 16-20
Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and [how] I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.
And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses [up] to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.

This is clearly not the same time of year as Yom Teruah, but it’s how I imagine the last trump will sound, a long, earth-shaking, supernatural trumpet that will be a blast of alarm for those on the earth who have not accepted Christ and a blast of joy for those whose redemption has finally come.

Traditionally, the shofar is sounded many times during Yom Teruah and there are several different types of blasts. The Shofar Blasts

  • Tekiah: (tuh-KEE-ah) A single, long blow that acts as a summons.
  • Shevarim: (shih-vah-REEM) This word literally means “breaks” or “fractures” and is three, broken blows.
  • Truah: (tih-ROO-ahh) A series of very short, staccato sounds like an urgent alarm.
  • Tekiah Gedolah: (tuh-KEE-ah geh-DOLE-ah) One long tekiah gedolah (or “great tekiah”) which is similar to, but much longer than, the standard tekiah.

They are sounded in various combinations during the service on Yom Teruah, but during the final combination, the shofar player concludes with tekiah gedolah, the great blast, one last, long tekiah to wrap up, the final trumpet of Yom Teruah.

Matthew 24:29-31
Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Revelation 6:12-17
And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?
1 Corinthians 15:51-52
Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
1 Thessalonians 4:15-18
For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive [and] remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive [and] remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. 18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.

Israel made a covenant with God and met Him at Sinai with clouds, thunders, and after a great, long blast. So is the trumpet of God and the last trumpet blast that of Yom Teruah, the tekiah gedolah? Will that call the awaiting bride who has abided by the New Covenant then meet Him in the air and forever be with Him?

Days of Repentance (Days of Awe)

There are truly some fascinating parallels that come to light in the understanding of the nature of the abomination of desolation, the time of Jacob’s trouble, phase one of the time of great tribulation, and the coming of the Lord in great glory at the sixth seal, beginning the day of the Lord, to gather the bride of Christ to meet Him at His coming. His coming is the word parousia, or presence. He is coming to execute the wrath of God on the children of disobedience after ensuring the protection of His people as promised. Revelation 7 He is the only one worthy to open the scroll, Revelation 5, and the seven seals on it must be opened for the judgements to be read. Revelation 6- 8:1

All of these events happen in very quick succession as determined by the exact day prophecies of Daniel and John,, likely within the span of around 30 days time. It will be a time of chaos for the world and expectation for those watching and understanding God’s Word explaining all of these things that must come to pass.

The start of the month is based on the sighting of the new moon and the first two days of Tishri are Yom Teruah. These are also the first two days of a period of time known as the days of repentance leading to Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. What is interesting in looking at this period of time are the traditions passed down through time related to this period of repentance by the nation of Israel. Yom Kippur is a serious time of afflicting ones soul and, as stated in Leviticus 23:26-32, failure to take this seriously means being cut off from among the people.

So let us assume that the first of the fall moedim, appointed times, is the time of Yeshua’s return at some point in the two or three days of Yom Teruah, a day and hour we won’t know. If then the exact day prophecies are correct, around 30 days prior to that would be the abomination of desolation and for the next month in Judea, the dragon would be going after those Jews who refuse to worship him. Revelation 12:13

30 days before Yom Teruah is Rosh Hashana LaBehemot, or New Year for (Domesticated) Animals, which is indicated in the Mishnah. During the time of the Temple, this was a day on which shepherds determined which of their mature animals were to be tithed. The day coincides with Rosh Chodesh Elul, the New Moon for the month of Elul, exactly one month before Rosh Hashanah.

On Yom Teruah, the sign of the sixth seal would lock the attention of the whole world and they would see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great glory. Then those dead in Christ would be raised incorruptible and the five wise virgins, Matthew 25:1-15, would be changed and together with the resurrected meet the Lord in the air. Revelation 7:9-17 The remnant of Israel who was not killed and did not worship the man of sin will see this as well and look upon Him whom they pierced and mourn. Zechariah 12:10-14 Over the next days of repentance, provoked to jealousy by the removal of the bride, the remnant of Israel will call upon the Lord to save them with sincere repentance in their hearts leading to Yom Kippur.

So will Sukkot (Tabernacles) be fulfilled then too? We see that the unparalleled time of Jacob’s trouble is cut short for their sake and the remnant of Israel  will be rescued and taken into the wilderness to a place prepared for her where she is protected from the dragon for 3½ years. Revelation 12:14-17 | Revelation 7:4-8 So it would seem that just as the four spring feasts were fulfilled successively the same year, it’s very possible the fall feasts will also be fulfilled in succession one year in the future. Those watching will know when the abomination of desolation takes place, to look up because our redemption draws nigh.

The Birth of Yeshua

I recommend both watching Frederick A. Larson in his 2007 documentary The Star of Bethlehem and also listening to Michael S. Heiser’s Naked Bible Podcast - Episode 138: What Day was Jesus Born? from 12/25/2016, where he comes to the same date on what he deems the birth of Christ. He also goes into how the dating for Herod’s death in 4 BC dating from Josephus, which most people do, is not accurate and Herod’s death was in 1 BC. These examinations of scripture and astronomical events that seem to line up with them, place either the conception of Christ or His birth on September 11, 3 BC, Rosh Hashanah of that year.

My own studies of Pesach and dating of the crucifixion would necessitate a fall 4 BC birth for Him to be about 30 years old when baptized and ending the 69th week of Daniel. Luke 3:23 There are three Passover noted in scripture that Yeshua attended, the last of which was the one He was crucified on. So 27 AD - 30 years is 4 BC accounting for no year zero. Perhaps the birth was disconnected from the celestial signs that drew the wise men from the East, or perhaps my calculations are incorrect.

Jewish Year 5766: Sunset October 3, 2005 - nightfall October 5, 2005

I bring up this particular date as it relates to the 14,000 days study. This is the end of the third of three times that recon a period of 14,000 days separating events. I don’t know what this meant, if anything, but at one time I thought it may have been the start of Daniel’s 70th week. This clearly did not turn out to be true, but I’ve left the reference here as I still find the end of that period falling on Rosh Hashanah interesting.

I should note also that I’ve seen other videos pointing out the below Virgo on Yom Teruah connection, which actually happens all the time as the constellations are fixed. Does this mean the symbology doesn’t mean anything? I doubt it, the constellations have been around as long as man, even when Joseph had his dream and when John received his visions of the end. Can we gauge it to determine timing or a particluar year to be significant? Time will tell, but the fact that it has come up in so many years past as a sign that this is the year leads me to not rely on this repeated event.

I’ve seen other presentations in 2023 regarding certain names of comets that intersect at this particular time as well. Based on my research of scripture, there are certain events that must take place before the bride is caught up that have not happened yet. The primary of which is the existence of a temple in Jerusalem with the daily sacrifice. For more reasoning as to why I haven’t held a pre-trib harpazo perspective for some time now, check out that page.

Revelation 12:1,2
And there appeared a great wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars [Israel Genesis 37:9-11]: And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

Woman as Virgo - A 1995 Bible study by John Abent that associates the woman of Revelation 12 to the constellation Virgo.

October 5, 2005 - New Moon from Jerusalem - Rosh Hashanah

In Hebrew, this constellation we call Virgo is called Bethulah. This event occurs about every two to three years as seen from Jerusalem, but every year as seen from some point on Earth. This chart also shows a notable conjunction of  Jupiter, Mercury and Tsemech (Spica) in Bethulah at the same time. Notice on the image above, that the moon is at the feet of Virgo. The sun was in the midst of Virgo’s stars, hence she was “clothed with the sun.” Notice too, the serpent just a little above her feet. These are both celestial “signs in the heavens” which aligned with the sun and moon to place a picture in the sky on the viewing of the new moon from Jerusalem on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New year, which was also 14,000 days after Israel took back Jerusalem.

Revelation 12:3-5
And there appeared another wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

Entry from the Institute for Biblical & Scientific Studies website:

In the Book of Revelation there are several monsters or dragons described. The Greek New Testament uses drakon 12 times only in the book of Revelation which the KJV translates as “dragon” (Revelation 12-13, 16:13, 20:2). There is an interesting book recently published by Fortress press entitled Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation by Bruce Malina and John Pilch that relates much of the vivid description in Revelation to constellations in the sky. They believe that the Book of Revelation is an astral prophecy. 

Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation
by Bruce Malina and John Pilch published by Fortress Press, 2000.
Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation

There is a red dragon in Revelation 12:1-18. Boll believes that the dragon corresponds best with the constellation Hydra which extends through one third of the zodiac. Just above the Hydra are the constellations Corax with 7 stars corresponding to 7 heads, and Crater with 10 stars corresponding to 10 horns, or 10 dorsal fins. Another possibility is the ancient constellation of Scorpio (Malina and Pilch, 2000 p.165). 

Constellations: Serpens in red, Corona in orange, Virgo in blue, and Hercules in black.

On today’s star charts I think the dragon (which means serpent) should be identified with the constellation Serpens (Caput and Cauda connected with ten stars). The seven heads would be the constellation Corona (crown) Borealis which consists of 7 stars. This serpent is right at the feet of the constellation Virgo and Hercules. The Archangel Michael would be the constellation Hercules waiting to make war with the serpent (Revelation 12:7).  

Constellations outlined: Serpens in black with red stars, Corona in purple with orange stars,
Virgo in purple with blue stars, and Hercules in red with black stars.

The woman of Revelation 12 should be identified with the constellation Virgo. The woman is Mary who gives birth to Jesus. The 12 stars represents the 12 tribes of Israel. The 13 stars of the constellation Virgo may represent the 12 tribes plus Christ (the bright star Spica?). Another possibility is that the constellation Bootes represents the baby Jesus, and Mary’s crown is the Big Dipper plus Canes Venatici.

List of Dates

Yom Teruah will occur on the following days of the secular calendar:

  • Jewish Year 5784: sunset September 15, 2023 - nightfall September 17, 2023
  • Jewish Year 5785: sunset October 2, 2024 - nightfall October 4, 2024
  • Jewish Year 5786: sunset September 22, 2025 - nightfall September 24, 2025
  • Jewish Year 5787: sunset September 11, 2026 - nightfall September 13, 2026
  • Jewish Year 5788: sunset October 1, 2027 - nightfall October 3, 2027
  • Jewish Year 5789: sunset September 20, 2028 - nightfall September 22, 2028
  • Jewish Year 5790: sunset September 9, 2029 - nightfall September 11, 2029
  • Jewish Year 5791: sunset September 27, 2030 - nightfall September 29, 2030