Temple in the City of David
The Temples That Jerusalem Forgot by Ernest L. Martin was released in 1994 and presented an alternative view based on interpretations of the writings of Flavius Josephus and others as well as archaeological evidence that the first and second temples were not located on the traditionally accepted location of the temple mount.
I heard about this initially from a Koinonia House Podcast (K-Rations) with Chuck Missler interviewing Robert Cornuke, author of another book on the subject released April 30, 2014 TEMPLE: Amazing New Discoveries That Change Everything About the Location of Solomon’s Temple (which you can also get on Kindle). There’s also a YouTube Video. In it they referenced Ken Klein’s documentary Jerusalem and the Lost Temple of Jews, which you can watch free now with Amazon Prime.
Honestly I find the subject fascinating if not somewhat overwhelming not having the greatest grasp of history and archaeology, but given the potential impact on the future state of the prophetic rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem, I feel it’s important to look into it.
“It (Jerusalem) is now demolished to the very foundations, and hath nothing left but that monument of it preserved, I mean the camp of those (Romans) that hath destroyed it, which still dwells upon its ruins.” | Eleazer Ben Jair (Commander at Masada)
“Now as to the Tower of Antonia, it might seem to be composed of several cities. For if we go up to this Tower of Antonia, we gain the city since we shall then be upon the top of the hill.” | Josephus
“Now as to the tower of Antonia, it was situated at the corner of two cloisters (colonnades) of the court of the temple; of that on the west, and that on the north.” | Josephus
The Gihon Spring
Gihon means "Gusher" and it is a siphon spring that could pump water 40 stories, 400 feet from the bottom of the Gihon up to the City of David.
The Pool of Siloam
The area is an acre in size. The archaeologist who found it said, "It's the world's largest mikvah." This is fitting for the large number of people who would have to ritually bathe to go to the temple. Furthermore, where this only natural source of water in Jerusalem is, is about 1/3 of a mile from the Temple Mount. The temple would have to be close to the mikvah to prevent becoming unclean on the way to the temple. They also found the original stairs from the Herodian period going from the Pool of Siloam up to the city of David.
Hezekiah’s Tunnel, part of Jerusalem’s water system, is located under the City of David. It connects the Gihon Spring—Jerusalem’s fresh water supply—with the Siloam Pool. According to 2 Chronicles 32:2–4 and 2 Kings 20:20, this tunnel was dug during the reign of King Hezekiah of Judah to prepare Jerusalem for the imminent attack of the Assyrian king, Sennacherib. In the Bible, Hezekiah redirected the water through old and newly dug Jerusalem tunnels.
The news story above just came out on August 30, 2023 regarding strange channels carved in the bedrock in the Givan parking lot excavation just to the NE of the Gihon Spring. After reading the stories, Brent Nagtegaal from Armstrong Institute of Biblical Archaeology went down and interviewed Dr. Yiftah Shalev.
I would be curious if there is any kind of evidence of a channel running to the SE toward the Gihon Spring. What if it was more related to disbursing incoming pressurized water upward instead of drainage from above. If the source of the siphon spring is higher, the water should be pressurized enough. I can’t tell on the walls if that is the result of excavation or if those apparent channels like ribs in the wall were part of the channeling on the floor, but my guess is the former.
Nothing can be said definitively, but the location of the Giv’ati parking lot seems like about the right place for both the direction of the Gihon Spring’s flow to the NW and about where the temple would have stood in the City of David just South of Fortress Antonia (Temple Mount). If evidence could be found, it would seem that this natural siphon spring could have both supplied the water to the temple hundreds of feet above, and what wasn’t used there would then flow to the Siloam Pool where it was used for ritual cleansing by the people before going to the temple.
Research Links For the Theory:
1 Kings 8:1,6
From this passage, it would seem that the City of David was below the temple.
Research Links Against the Theory:
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In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work herein is archived under fair use without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in reviewing the included information for personal use, non-profit research and educational purposes only. Ref.