Tisha B’Av (9th of Av)
In Hebrew, the 9th of Av is called
Tisha B’Av. Av is a month on the Jewish calendar. It occurs on
different times on the Gregorian calendar, but usually in July, August or
September. For more on the calendar issue, check out
Five misfortunes befell our fathers ... on the ninth of Av. ...On
the ninth of Av it was decreed that our fathers should not enter
the [Promised] Land, the Temple was destroyed the first and second
time, Bethar was captured and the city [Jerusalem] was ploughed
weep in the fifth month [Av], separating myself, as I have done
these so many years?
In the fifth month, on the seventh day of the
month ...came Nebuzaradan ... and he burnt the house of the L-RD...
fifth month, on the tenth day of the month... came Nebuzaradan ...
and he burnt the house of the L-RD...
How then are these dates to be reconciled? On the seventh the heathens
entered the Temple and ate therein and desecrated it throughout
the seventh and eighth and towards dusk of the ninth they set fire
to it and it continued to burn the whole of that day. ... How will
the Rabbis then [explain the choice of the 9th as the date]? The
beginning of any misfortune [when the fire was set] is of greater
moment. | Talmud Ta’anit 29a
Tisha B’Av primarily commemorates the destruction of the first
Temples, both of which were destroyed on the ninth of Av (the first
by the Babylonians in 586 BC; the second by the Romans in 70 AD).
Although this holiday is primarily meant to commemorate the
destruction of the Temple, it is appropriate to consider on this day
the many other tragedies of the Jewish people, many of which occurred
on this day, most notably the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.1
Tisha B’Av is the culmination of a three week period of
increasing mourning, beginning with the
fast of the 17th of Tammuz, which commemorates the first breach
in the walls of Jerusalem, before the First Temple was destroyed. During
this three week period, weddings and other parties are not permitted,
and people refrain from cutting their hair. From the first to the ninth
of Av, it is customary to refrain from eating meat or drinking wine
(except on the
Shabbat) and from wearing new clothing.
on Tisha B’Av are similar to those on
Yom Kippur: to refrain from eating and drinking (even water); washing,
bathing, shaving or wearing cosmetics; wearing leather shoes; engaging
in sexual relations; and studying Torah. Work in the ordinary sense
of the word [rather than the
Shabbat sense] is also restricted. People who are ill need not fast
on this day. Many of the traditional
mourning practices are observed: people refrain from smiles, laughter
and idle conversation, and sit on low stools.
the book of Lamentations is read and mourning prayers are recited. The
ark (cabinet where the Torah is kept) is draped in black.”
So here is a more complete list of significant events on this date in
Jewish history and why it is a time of mourning for the nation of Israel:
- Av 9, 1312 BC - The ten spies brought
the bad report leading to the wilderness wandering.
- Av 9, 587 BC - Babylonians destroy
- Av 9, 70 AD - August 5, 70 Romans
destroy 2nd temple.
- Av 9, 135 AD - The Bar Kochba revolt
was crushed by Roman Emperor Hadrian. The city of Betar -- the Jews’
last stand against the Romans -- was captured and liquidated. Over 100,000
Jews were slaughtered.
- Av 9, 1290 AD - July 25, 1290 Jews
forced out of England under King Edward I.
- Av 9, 1492 AD - August 11, 1492 Jews
forced out of Spain during the Spanish Inquisition. (Just before during
that same year on August 3, the Messianic Jew, Christopher Colombus,
sailed from Spain in search of the New World and hopes for the future.)
- Av 9, 1914 AD - August 1, 1914 Britain
and Russia declare war on Germany and World War I Began (The immediate
cause of the war was the June 28, 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz
Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by Gavrilo Princip,
a Bosnian Serb citizen of Austria-Hungary and member of the Black Hand.
- Av 9, 1942 AD - July 23, 1942 - Treblinka
extermination camp opened in occupied Poland, east of Warsaw and deportations
from Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp begin. The camp
is fitted with two buildings containing 10 gas chambers, each holding
200 persons. Carbon monoxide gas is piped in from engines placed outside
the chamber, but Zyklon-B will later be substituted. Bodies are burned
in open pits.
- Av 9, 2005 AD - August 14, 2005 Starting
at midnight, the entry and presence of Israeli citizens in the areas
to be evacuated was prohibited under paragraph 22A of the Implementation
of the Disengagement Plan Law 2005. Disengagement from the Gaza Strip
was completed on August 22, and from northern Samaria on August 23,
2005. Related news articles
Israel’s Disengagement Plan: Renewing the peace process
Possible Prophetic Timing
Both Solomon’s temple and Herod’s temple were destroyed on
this day by Babylon (587BC) and Rome (70AD) respectively. Those aren’t
the only tragedies to befall the Jews on this day. I believe this study
will help show how Armageddon may be the straw that breaks Israel’s
back, causing her to call upon Yeshua, recognizing Him as their Meshiach
Nagid over 2,000 years after He presented Himself at the
Triumphal entry. It was then that Christ told them they would not see
Him until they acknowledged Him as their Messiah.
Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are
sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together,
even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!
Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. For
I say unto you, Ye shall not see me
henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name
of the Lord.
I will go and return to my place,
acknowledge their offence, and seek my face:
in their affliction they will seek me early.
Open to me the
gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise the LORD:
This gate of the LORD, into which the righteous shall enter. I will
praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation.
The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the
corner. This is the LORD’s doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.
This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad
in it. Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send
now prosperity. Blessed be he that cometh in
the name of the LORD: we have blessed you out of the house of
This stone being spoken of is Christ. He was the stone the builders rejected,
He has become the chief cornerstone. Israel’s accepting of Yeshua
as their Meshiach Nagid is what prompts Christ’s return in glory since
they won’t see him till they say, “blessed
is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.” This happened
at the triumphal entry, which is why the Pharisees told Christ to silence
his followers. They recognized that Yeshua was being called the Meshiach
Nagid. Mark 11:1-11
So what does this have to do with Christ returning in glory? Remember
what is going on as Israel is protected in the wilderness just before Christ
returns in glory.
And the sixth
angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water
thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be
prepared. And I saw three unclean spirits
like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of
the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For
they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth
unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to
the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Behold,
I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments,
lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
And he gathered them together into a place called
in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.
Imagine you are Israel, protected in the wilderness, but seeing millions
of men in armies marching toward Jerusalem. now imagine that is happening
just before the 9th of Av. I think that might be what causes Israel to call
upon Yeshua as a nation recognizing Him as their Meshiach Nagid. Then He
will return in glory and defeat the gathered armies.