The Temple Mount

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Non-Traditional View on the Location of the 1st and 2nd Temples

Some reearch was recently brought to light for me and while it was written about before, it’s not something I had heard of before and it’s very compelling. The Temples That Jerusalem Forgot by Ernest L. Martin was released in 1994 and presented an alternative view based on the writings of Flavius Josephus and others as well as archaeological evidence that the first and second temples were not located on the traditionally accepted location of the temple mount.

I heard about this initially from a Koinonia House Podcast (K-Rations) with Chuck Missler interviewing Robert Cornuke, author of another book on the subject released April 30, 2014 TEMPLE: Amazing New Discoveries That Change Everything About the Location of Solomon’s Temple (which you can also get on Kindle). In it they referenced Ken Klein’s documentary Jerusalem and the Lost Temple of Jews, which you can watch free now with Amazon Prime.

I still have to do some more research on this but it presents, at the very least, compelling evidence that tradition has mislead us on the ancient locations of many places in Jerusalem. Given the battles over the Temple Mount and the desire to rebuilt the temple, which is prophesied to happen sometime in the future, could this also be a way to bypass the politics of the Temple Mount and rebuild the temple in the actual original location, uncontested by Muslim authorities?

Or could it be that the 1st and 2nd temples were there, but the new rebuilt temple will be built in the wrong location as detailed below on the Temple Mount? Keep watching!

The First Temple (Solomon’s Temple)

Jewish Virtual Library:

The crowning achievement of King Solomon’s reign was the erection of a magnificent Temple (Beit ha-Midkash) in Jerusalem. His father, King David, had wanted to build a great Temple for God a generation earlier, as a permanent resting place for the Ark containing the Ten Commandments. A divine edict, however, had forbidden him from doing so. “You will not build a house for My name,” God said to him, “for you are a man of battles and have shed blood” (1 Chronicles 28:3).

The Bible’s description of Solomon’s Temple suggests that the inside ceiling was was 180 feet long, 90 feet wide, and 50 feet high. The highest point on the Temple that King Solomon built was actually 120 cubits tall (about 20 stories or about 207 feet). According to the Tanach (2 Chronicles) He spares no expense in the building’s creation. He orders vast quantities of cedar from King Hiram of Tyre (1 Kings 5:18), has huge blocks of the choicest stone quarried, and commands that the building’s foundation be laid with hewn stone. To complete the massive project, he imposes forced labor on all his subjects, drafting people for work shifts lasting a month at a time. Some 3,300 officials are appointed to oversee the Temple’s erection (1 Kings 5:27­30). Solomon assumes such heavy debts in building the Temple that he is forced to pay off King Hiram with twenty towns in the Galilee (1 Kings 9:11).

When the Temple is completed, Solomon inaugurates it with prayer and sacrifice, and even invites non­Jews to come and pray there. He urges God to pay particular heed to their prayers: “Thus all the peoples of the earth will know Your name and revere You, as does Your people Israel; and they will recognize that Your name is attached to this House that I have built” (1 Kings 8:43).

Destroyed: 9th of Av (July 23-24) by the Babylonian army in 587 BC. (Date confirmation for the extra year compared to link)

During Tisha B’Av Solomon’s Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians which began the 70-year captivity. The Babylonians worshipped among their deities, the god, Jupiter, who was equated with Marduk. At the time, the Babylonians thought Marduk to be more powerful because he conquered Judah. The resulting victory shifted many Judeans’ loyalties and this brought about the unfaithfulness and idolatry of Judah.
  • Confirming The Exile Prophecies of 606 BC and 587 BC - This page looks at more recent Babylonian artifacts that actually place the destruction of the temple in 587 BC according to the astronomical data recorded on the “saros” text, or moon eclipse texts, which contains details of lunar eclipses. They can be assigned precisely to specific absolute dates, because the precise observations are unique and cannot be repeated for thousands of years. One of these saros texts documents precise data that can be confirmed by computers that these lunar eclipses took place in 573/572 BC. This saro text tells us that this took place in Nebuchadnezzar’s 32nd year. The same text also documents that the lunar eclipses of 591/590 took place in Nebuchadnezzar’s 14th year. A comprehensive Babylonian astronomical diary, VAT 4956, dated in Nebuchadnezzar’s 37th year, gives definite observations that cannot fit any other year but 568 BC. This astronomical data allows us to pinpoint the years in which events happened. Ezekiel Prophesied the 1967 Recapture of Jerusalem
  • Ezekiel’s 430 Days - A deeper study on how the judgments of Israel connect to today!
  • Tisha B’Av, The 9th of Av hebroots.org
  • History of the 9th of Av - A website chronicling this date in history.
  • The 9th of Av, 586 BC; The Destruction of the First Temple TempleMount.org

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The Second Temple (Herod’s Temple)

The Jerusalem Mossaic:

In 538 BCE, a proclamation by King Cyrus of Persia, who had conquered Babylon, permitted the exiles to return to Jerusalem. It was during the ensuing “Persian Period” that the Second Temple was built. The people were led by the towering figures of Ezra and Nehemiah. As the leader and governor of Jerusalem, Nehemiah required every family in Judah to send ten of its members to live in Jerusalem, thus augmenting the city’s meager population. Nehemiah’s great project was to rebuild the walls and fortify the city.

Following the death of Alexander the Great, who in 333 BCE had vanquished the Persian Empire, his empire split into four kingdoms each ruled by one of his generals. At first Jerusalem and the rest of the country came under Ptolemaic Egypt, then passed to the Seleucid Syrians. Hellenistic culture, an amalgam of Greek and early eastern cultures, grew dominant under the Seleucids. Antiochus IV (175-163 BCE) declared Jerusalem a Greek “polis” = “Antiochia of Jerusalem.”

During King Herod’s reign (37-4 BCE) Jerusalem grew northward. Monumental building projects included the Second Wall, the expansive and magnificent Temple Mount, the Antonia Fortress and the Citadel (today’s Tower of David). Numerous palaces as well as public buildings, such as markets, a theater and a hippodrome, enhanced the city. Besides large-scale construction, Herodian and late-Second Temple era Jerusalem witnessed religious and social ferment. Fierce controversies broke out between various sects and factions.

Destroyed: 9th of Av by the Roman army in 70 AD. (August 5, 70 AD)

Following Herod’s death, Roman oppression, and with it Jewish resistance, intensified. Finally a revolt broke out, fomented by the Zealots, who entered Jerusalem in 66 CE and held the city until the ninth day of the Hebrew month of Av, in 70 CE, when Jerusalem fell to the Roman legions under the command of Titus. This marked the end of the second 14,000 day period from the triumphal entry April 6, 32 AD to Jerusalem and the temple’s destruction on August 5, 70 AD.

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70 AD to Modern History

The Bar Kochba revolt (aka Simon Bar Cochba, a Mashiach-type to the Jews) was halted by Emperor Hadrian (135 C.E.), and the fortress of the Betar rebellion was overrun. (10) The following year Hadrian built a pagan Temple of Jupiter with a city dedicated to the god, Jupiter (the Babylonian Marduk), on the original Temple site. Hadrian renamed Jerusalem ‘Aelia Capitolina’ and also renamed Judea ‘Palestine.’ The Jews were forbidden entrance to the city, and even to look upon it. - Lampholder Publications

Modern History of the Temple Mount

Israel gave up the Temple Mount on June 7, 1967, See pictures on that day, when Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, upon reuniting Jerusalem, permitted the Islamic authority, the Waqf, to continue its civil authority on the Temple Mount. The Waqf oversees all day-to-day activity there. An Israeli presence is in place at the entrance to the Temple Mount to ensure access for people of all religions. However, as we’ve seen since then, the Muslims throw a fit whenever Jews try to go up there and there’s a long list of dos and don’ts to enter the Temple Mount. I believe God gave Israel Jerusalem and the Temple Mount and when the Jews gave up control, this started the last 14,000 day period of time that ended on Rosh Hashanah, 2005.

Israel National News: “While tenacious yearning to visit the Mount by Jews has resulted in a modicum of government acquiescence, religious Jews are often barred from the holy site, as are members of other religions, compelled to bide by the standards set by the Islamic occupiers. Jews who adhere to the strict religious requirements demanded of visitors to the site cannot visit at will, and while there are generally visitation times during which Jews and other non-Muslims may ascend the Mount, the Waqf will not ‘tolerate’ Jews praying on the site. They are backed by Israel Police who are quick to enforce the prayer ban, generally arresting those bold enough to defy it.”
Modern Destruction By Richard Benkin, Ph.D. (May 2003) - In 1886, British explorer Captain Charles Wilson undertook the most comprehensive survey of Jerusalem in modern times, noting, “No one has ever questioned that the [Jewish] Temple formerly stood within the Haram-es-Sherif [Moslem name for the Temple Mount].”1 It would be difficult to think of a more absurd notion. To deny that reality denies the essence of both Jewish and Christian scripture. They both contain voluminous reference to the temples, from their construction to the events in the life of Jesus. In fact, Moslem and Arab history also confirms Warren’s declaration. Before 638 CE—a rather late date in the history of that region—there was no Islamic presence in Jerusalem. Its conqueror, the Umayyad Caliph, Umar, asked its Byzantine Patriarch, Sophronius, to show him the site of the Jewish Temples almost immediately upon entering the city. Sophronius did so and said, “Here is that appalling abomination.” Umar was indeed appalled—but not by the Temple itself. He was incensed at the accumulated garbage and debris, which he believed desecrated that Jewish holy site. He ordered the site cleansed immediately in a manner befitting its holy purpose. Soon thereafter, he commissioned The Dome of the Rock on the Mount, and his son had Al-Aqsa mosque built there as well. These edifices were not constructed to mark a Moslem holy site but to advertise Moslem hegemony over Jerusalem with its Jewish and Christian holy sites. more...

More information on the Six-Day-War

When will it be rebuilt?

While I don’t know exactly what will happen to get to a point where Israel as a nation is focused on rebuilding the temple, there are several key points from diverse prophecies that I believe may come together to bring it to pass.

Desire

Before anything else, there must be a desire to rebuilt the temple. We’ve seen this more and more in modern history as increasing calls for a rebuilt temple are made and groups like The Temple Institute actively document and work toward providing everything that is needed to make it happen. Currently the groups pushing for a return to the Temple Mount are small, but they’re well on their way to provide all the instruments that will be needed to re-institute the temple activities. There are even rumors of the production of the blocks of stone being produced off-site in preparation so they would just need to be moved to the Temple Mount and assembled when the time comes.

The problem is that currently the political climate in the Middle East is very tense because the spiritual climate is at war. In 1967 the control of the Temple Mount was given over to the Wakf and since then denial of a Jewish Temple or any ownership of the area has been on-going. Interestingly, there is an Official 1925 Supreme Moslem Council (Wakf) Guide Book to the Temple Mount that “admits proudly to the Temple Mount’s inexorable connection to the Holy Temple built by King Solomon on land purchased by King David, complete with a reference to II Samuel 24:25.” Link

It’s identity with the site of Solomon's Temple is beyond dispute. This, too, is the spot, according to the universal belief, on which “David built there an altar unto the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings.”

So not only does the desire for a rebuilt temple need to spread throughout all of the nation of Israel for it to realistically happen, but so too does the political climate need to allow it. This is where I believe Bible prophecy may come in.

Ezekiel 38 & 39

I believe the fulfillment of Ezekiel 38 & 39, the invasion of Gog/Magog that is supernaturally stopped in the mountains of Israel by God Himself, may just be the trigger event that both brings the nation of Israel together with a mind to rebuild, and also produce the kind of political climate that will cause the Muslim nations to back off, if even for only just a short while.

According to the propehcy, God will destroy the aggressors with fire and brimstone from heaven. Ezekiel 38,39 says that when this happens both the world and Israel will recognize the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is who He says He is and means what He says.

Given that this very distinct and clear prophecy is a part of the Jewish scriptures, it is a source they would trust and seeing God intervene on their behalf would greatly increase the aforementioned desire by the nation of Israel to rebuild the temple and come back into the relationship with God that they recognize, a pre-Yeshua scriptural belief complete with sacrificial system.

Now imagine also a discovery like the Ark of the Covenant coinciding with the rebuilding of the temple and I’m sure all of Israel would unite and do whatever was necessary to get their temple built. Not only that, but Aliyah into Israel would increase from all over the world.

Israel is still blinded until the fullness of the Gentiles. Romans 8:25 So when they see God intervene to save them, they will have a strong desire to serve Him. However, they don’t accept Christ, so the only way they know to serve Him is the way of their fathers. This means rebuilding the temple and beginning the daily sacrifice, a necessary event for Bible prophecy to come to pass.


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The Third Temple Preparations for a Third Temple templemount.org

The third temple does not exist yet. As of June 13, 2015 we are still waiting for the fulfillment of Bible prophecy in regards to the temple.

Revelation 11:1,2
And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

Where will it be rebuilt?

The Third Temple Entrance In Alignment With The East Gate - According to the Scriptures and verified by archaeology and the historical works of men, this author presents the information which places the Holy of Holies at the Dome of the Spirits/Dome of the Tablets and is lined up with the Golden Gate directly to the East.

The Dome of the Spirits
This small dome, also called the Dome of the Tablets, has attracted interest because of Asher Kaufman’s theory that it marks the place of the Holy of Holies in the Second Temple. The dome is located on the east-west line from the peak of the Mt. of Olives through the Golden Gate to the two domes of the Holy Sepulcher on the west. Upon the peak of Olivet, according to the Mishnah, the High Priest used to stand when he sacrificed the Red Heifer. During this ceremony, he would have had to look into the Holy of Holies and sprinkle the blood in its direction; the Temple should have lined up, then, with the peak. Kaufman adduced archaeological data to support the theory that the Temple was here, but it has not gained wide acceptance, partly because of the topography. We know from Warren’s investigations (1868) that a little to the north was a moat, extending St. Anne’s Valley. Herod filled it in, but it was probably there in Solomon’s time. Assuming the Second Temple was built where the First had been, the north side of Solomon’s Temple, if here, would have been on the slope, slightly below the peak and asymmetrically close to this moat. Without more archaeology, however, no one can be certain where the Temple was.
  • Dome of the Spirit - Jerusalem - This little dome, about 10 feet in diameter, has been called the “Dome of the Spirit” and the “Dome of the Tablets” for many centuries. Some archeologists believe it was the actual site of the Holy of Holies, for three reasons:
    • (1) it is in perfect alignment with the ancient East Gate
    • (2) it is the only place on the Temple Mount where the floor is solid bedrock, just like the threshing floor that King David purchased as the site for the altar, II Sam. 24:24
    • (3) the dome stands 330 feet north of the Dome of the Rock, allowing enough room to rebuild the Jewish temple on this site if one would “leave out the court which is outside the Temple” as God instructed John, Rev. 11:2.

Dome Of the Spirits, or Tablets

With the temple placed such that the Holy of Holies is located on the Dome of the Spirits, this is what it would look like. Put together with Revelation 11:1,2 we have a location that fits with Bible prophecy such that if the outer court is not built for this third temple, it fits right next to the Dome of the Rock and the Holy of Holies lines up perfectly with the Golden Gate, or East gate.


3rd “Tribulation” Temple with outer court left out:

Revelation 11:1-2
And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

So how close are we to the rebuilt temple? The only thing stopping it is the fact that the Muslims control the temple mount and the Jews let them. All we need is a discovery like the Ark of the Covenant and I’m sure all of Israel would unite and do whatever was necessary to get their temple built.

Another interesting note has to do with Christ returning to earth and the geology of Judea showing the future fulfillment of prophecy. Chuck Missler talks about the Mount of Olives cleaving in two. There’s a fault line there. “It’s waiting for the pressure of one foot.” (Ezekiel commentary. Halfway through Ezekiel_04.mp3)

Source: Homeworship101 - “It is interesting to note here, that a U.S. Geophysical survey team in 1967 analyzed the Mount of Olives. They discovered a geological fault line running from the Dead Sea behind the Mount of Olives all the way to the Mediterranean Sea. They stated a tremendous shock would cause an open fault line to appear, just as prophesied twenty-five hundred years ago in Zechariah 14:4. The split in the Mount of Olives will open an escape route allowing the defenders of Jerusalem trapped by the approaching Antichrist army a way to escape to safety.”

Zechariah 14:4-9
And his [Christ] feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark: But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light. And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be. And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.


Third Temple Placement

There are several perspectives of where the temple will be built. I would just like to share some scriptures that I believe help determine that the temple will be built with the main entrance facing East next to the Dome of the Rock. This next passage is the millennial temple, which is different, but the alignment still seems to be East. I think this has to do with Christ being the bright and morning star. Due to the rotation of the earth, the bright and morning star would always rise from the East. Therefore, the light from the bright and morning star would enter the temple from the East. Just a guess though.

Ezekiel 40:6
Then came he unto the gate which looketh toward the east, and went up the stairs thereof, and measured the threshold of the gate, which was one reed broad; and the other threshold of the gate, which was one reed broad.

Ezekiel 40:23
And the gate of the inner court was over against the gate toward the north, and toward the east; and he measured from gate to gate an hundred cubits.

Ezekiel 43:4
And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east.

Future Destruction...Almost: 9th of Av by the armies gathered by the frog spirits from the mouths of the dragon, beast, and false prophet.

Matthew 23:37-39
O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

Hosea 5:15
I will go and return to my place, till they [Israel] acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.

Psalms 118:19-26
Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise the LORD: This gate of the LORD, into which the righteous shall enter. I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation. The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of LORD’s doing; it is marvellous in our eyes. This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity. Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD: we have blessed you out of the house of the LORD.

This stone being spoken of is Christ. He was the stone the builders rejected, but He has become the chief cornerstone. Israel’s accepting of Yeshua as their Meshiach Nagid is what prompts Christ’s return in glory since they won’t see him till they say, “blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.” This happened once before at the triumphal entry, which is why the Pharisees told Christ to silence his followers. They recognized that Yeshua was being called the Meshiach Nagid. Mark 11:1-11

So what does this have to do with Christ returning in glory? Remember what is going on as Israel is protected in the wilderness just before Christ returns in glory.

Revelation 16:12-16
And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared. And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

Imagine you are Israel, protected in the wilderness, but seeing millions of men in armies marching toward Jerusalem. now imagine that is happening just before the 9th of Av. I think that might be the straw that breaks the camel’s back and Israel will call upon Yeshua as a nation recognizing Him as their Meshiach Nagid. Then He will return in glory and defeat the gathered armies.

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The Fourth Temple (Millennial Temple)

The Temple of Ezekiel by Lambert Dolphin - This author believes that the third temple will be built by the Jews prior to Christ returning and in the earthquakes associated with His return in glory, it will be destroyed and this fourth temple will be built to Ezekiel’s specifications. This would make sense since the size of this temple described in Ezekiel would definitely include what is now the outer court plus more. Ezekiel 45:1-4 speaks of a holy portion of the land, that will contain the sanctuary and most holy place. This would imply the location being North of the Temple Mount. Ezekiel 48:8

  • Most Orthodox Jews don’t believe the third temple will be built by Messiah.
  • A great earthquake is associated with Christ’s arrival when “Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; the uneven ground shall become level, and the rough places a plain.” and “a great earthquake such as had never been since men were on the earth, so great was that earthquake. The great city [Jerusalem] was split into three parts...” (If the 3rd temple is there, how can it stand through all this?)
  • The prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 40-48) describes in great detail a temple in Israel that is much too large to fit on the present Temple Mount site. The Temple of Ezekiel proper measures about 875 feet square, and it sits in the middle of a large consecrated area (See inset in diagram below). Ezekiel’s temple is also very different in many details from any previous temples that have existed in Israel (or elsewhere). Therefore most Bible scholars believe there will one day exist in the Holy Land a Fourth or “Millennial” Temple.
  • Ezekiel also describes the reapportionment of the land in specific lots during the millennial kingdom. The temple and the temple district are not part of the rebuilt city of Jerusalem according to the details of this reapportionment. Note that the Temple area will be located to the North of rebuilt Jerusalem.

I have an additional point to add about the millennial temple. Ezekiel 40-47 describes in extreme detail the exact measurements and descriptions of this temple. Ezekiel was written in the Babylonian captivity, 591 BC - 571 BC. Solomon’s temple was destroyed in 586 BC. More specifically, Ezekiel tells us just before his visions of the temple he describes when it was...

Ezekiel 40:1-4
In the five and twentieth year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, in the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after that the city was smitten, in the selfsame day the hand of the LORD was upon me, and brought me thither. In the visions of God brought he me into the land of Israel, and set me upon a very high mountain, by which was as the frame of a city on the south. And he brought me thither, and, behold, there was a man, whose appearance was like the appearance of brass, with a line of flax in his hand, and a measuring reed; and he stood in the gate. And the man said unto me, Son of man, behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears, and set thine heart upon all that I shall shew thee; for to the intent that I might shew them unto thee art thou brought hither: declare all that thou seest to the house of Israel.

Notice that chapter 40 is written 25 years after their captivity and 14 years after the city was destroyed, therefore after the destruction of Solomon’s temple. He then goes on to describe a temple in great detail. Was this a vision of the destroyed temple left behind? Or was it a vision of a future temple not yet constructed? It wasn’t the second temple, which was smaller, and the third temple can’t have an outer court according to Revelation 11:1-2. So if this is written after Solomon’s temple is destroyed and doesn’t match at all the description of the second temple, and has an outer court unlike the third future temple, then I deduce it must not be describing any of those, but a fourth temple.

So what are the implications if Ezekiel 37-48 are in the millennium? Did you know that during the millennium there will be animal sacrifice reinstated? I believe that we don’t fully understand the millennium and sacrifices will be a part of life, for whatever reason God intends. I believe it is explained in scripture for us. This isn’t my idea here, just to be clear, I’m taking the clear scripture and applying logic. Christians reading this need to keep in mind that during the millennium we will have already received our immortal incorruptible bodies. This is focused on those who are not the bride of Christ yet some of whom will still be in heaven for eternity. I believe it’s mostly focused on Israel though. All this description of the temple in Ezekiel 40-48 is interspersed with passages like these:

Ezekiel 43:10-12
Thou son of man, shew the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern. And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, shew them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write it in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them. This is the law of the house; Upon the top of the mountain the whole limit thereof round about shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the house.

There are rules, laws, and ordinances during the millennium. Christ rules with a rod of iron. It goes on to describe the altar dimensions, then...

Ezekiel 43:18-27
And he said unto me, Son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; These are the ordinances of the altar in the day when they shall make it, to offer burnt offerings thereon, and to sprinkle blood thereon. And thou shalt give to the priests the Levites that be of the seed of Zadok, which approach unto me, to minister unto me, saith the Lord GOD, a young bullock for a sin offering. And thou shalt take of the blood thereof, and put it on the four horns of it, and on the four corners of the settle, and upon the border round about: thus shalt thou cleanse and purge it. Thou shalt take the bullock also of the sin offering, and he shall burn it in the appointed place of the house, without the sanctuary. And on the second day thou shalt offer a kid of the goats without blemish for a sin offering; and they shall cleanse the altar, as they did cleanse it with the bullock. When thou hast made an end of cleansing it, thou shalt offer a young bullock without blemish, and a ram out of the flock without blemish. And thou shalt offer them before the LORD, and the priests shall cast salt upon them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt offering unto the LORD. Seven days shalt thou prepare every day a goat for a sin offering: they shall also prepare a young bullock, and a ram out of the flock, without blemish. Seven days shall they purge the altar and purify it; and they shall consecrate themselves. And when these days are expired, it shall be, that upon the eighth day, and so forward, the priests shall make your burnt offerings upon the altar, and your peace offerings; and I will accept you, saith the Lord GOD.

That’s a pretty detailed explanation of the sacrificing. Some may try to spiritualize the meaning so as to represent what feels more comfortable to their perceptions of reality, but I prefer to take the Bible for what it says. The temple that Ezekiel just saw in his vision prior to talking about the laws and ordinances of this temple, has never existed and won’t fit on the temple mount in the dimensions given in scripture and given all the land changes when mountains are made low and valleys high, upon Christ’s return, I doubt the temple the Jews built will still be standing. More sacrificing and reasons...

Ezekiel 44:9-17
Thus saith the Lord GOD; No stranger, uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary, of any stranger that is among the children of Israel. And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity. Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house: they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them. Because they ministered unto them before their idols, and caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity; therefore have I lifted up mine hand against them, saith the Lord GOD, and they shall bear their iniquity. And they shall not come near unto me, to do the office of a priest unto me, nor to come near to any of my holy things, in the most holy place: but they shall bear their shame, and their abominations which they have committed. But I will make them keepers of the charge of the house, for all the service thereof, and for all that shall be done therein.

But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD: They shall enter into my sanctuary, and they shall come near to my table, to minister unto me, and they shall keep my charge. And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court, they shall be clothed with linen garments; and no wool shall come upon them, whiles they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within.

There’s our reason. Keep in mind that the “house” being spoken of here is not the third temple because the dimensions are too large for the temple mount and the outer court is not left out of this one as Revelation 11:1,2 says. (Ezekiel 42; 44:19)