Rosh Hashanah “head of the year”

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Leviticus 23:23-25
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Information from Judaism 101:

Rosh Hashanah occurs on the first and second days of Tishri. In Hebrew, Rosh Hashanah means, literally, “head of the year” or “first of the year.” Rosh Hashanah is commonly known as the Jewish New Year. The name “Rosh Hashanah” is not used in the Bible to discuss this holiday. The Bible refers to the holiday as Yom Ha-Zikkaron (the day of remembrance) or Yom Teruah (the day of the sounding of the shofar). It is also called the Feast of Trumpets. The holiday is instituted in Leviticus 23:2r3-25. No work is permitted on Rosh Hashanah. Much of the day is spent in synagogue, where the regular daily liturgy is somewhat expanded. In fact, there is a special prayerbook called the machzor used for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur because of the extensive liturgical changes for these holidays.

Judaism has several different “new years,” a concept which may seem strange at first, but think of it this way: the American “new year” starts in January, but the new “school year” starts in September, and many businesses have “fiscal years” that start at various times of the year. In Judaism, Nissan 1 is the new year for the purpose of counting the reign of kings and months on the calendar, Elul 1 (in August) is the new year for the tithing of animals, Shevat 15 (in February) is the new year for trees (determining when first fruits can be eaten, etc.), and Tishri 1 (Rosh Hashanah) is the new year for years (when we increase the year number. Sabbatical and Jubilee years begin at this time).

Rosh Hashanah is referred to in the Torah as YOM TERUAH, the Day of the Sounding of the shofar (or the day of the awakening blast). On Yom Teruah (Rosh Hashanah), it is imperative for every person to hear (Shema) the shofar. The mitzvah (biblical commandment) of the shofar is to HEAR (Shema) the shofar being blown, not actually to blow it yourself, hence the blessing for the shofar, “to hear the sound of the shofar.” Teruah means “an awakening blast.” A theme associated with Rosh Hashanah is the theme “to awake.” Teruah is also translated as “shout.” I believe this is call to awaken Israel to the 70th week of Daniel.
This holiday centers around the beginning of a new year and a blowing of trumpets as an “awakening blast” to bring those who hear it to repentance. To me, this all revolves around a new start for those who celebrate this holiday, the Jews. Is it a coincidence that this is their new year? I think the convergence of what this holiday is all about, the signs in the heavens, and scripture all point to this marking the beginning of the 70th week of Daniel. The awakening of Israel beginning the final seven years that God deals with them as a nation amongst the Gentile nations during the 70th week. Read on!

Jewish Year 5766: Sunset October 3, 2005 - nightfall October 5, 2005

Revelation 12:1,2
And there appeared a great wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars [Israel Genesis 37:9-11]: And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

Woman as Virgo - A 1995 Bible study by John Abent that associates the woman of Revelation 12 to the constellation Virgo!

October 5, 2005 - New Moon from Jerusalem - Rosh Hashanah
Click picture for source and more detailed data

In Hebrew, this constellation we call Virgo is called Bethulah. This event occurs about every two to three years as seen from Jerusalem, but every year as seen from some point on Earth. This chart also shows a notable conjunction of  Jupiter, Mercury and Tsemech (Spica) in Bethulah at the same time. Notice on the image above, that the moon is at the feet of Virgo. The sun was in the midst of Virgo’s stars, hence she was “clothed with the sun.” Notice too, the serpent just a little above her feet. These are both celestial “signs in the heavens” which aligned with the sun and moon to place a picture in the sky on the viewing of the new moon from Jerusalem on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New year, which was also 14,000 days after Israel took back Jerusalem.

Revelation 12:3-5
And there appeared another wonderG4592 [sign Genesis 1:14] in heavenG3772; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

Entry from the Institute for Biblical & Scientific Studies website:

In the Book of Revelation there are several monsters or dragons described. The Greek New Testament uses drakon 12 times only in the book of Revelation which the KJV translates as “dragon” (Revelation 12-13, 16:13, 20:2). There is an interesting book recently published by Fortress press entitled Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation by Bruce Malina and John Pilch that relates much of the vivid description in Revelation to constellations in the sky. They believe that the Book of Revelation is an astral prophecy. 

Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation
by Bruce Malina and John Pilch published by Fortress Press, 2000.
Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation

There is a red dragon in Revelation 12:1-18. Boll believes that the dragon corresponds best with the constellation Hydra which extends through one third of the zodiac. Just above the Hydra are the constellations Corax with 7 stars corresponding to 7 heads, and Crater with 10 stars corresponding to 10 horns, or 10 dorsal fins. Another possibility is the ancient constellation of Scorpio (Malina and Pilch, 2000 p.165). 

Constellations: Serpens in red, Corona in orange, Virgo in blue, and Hercules in black.

On today’s star charts I think the dragon (which means serpent) should be identified with the constellation Serpens (Caput and Cauda connected with ten stars). The seven heads would be the constellation Corona (crown) Borealis which consists of 7 stars. This serpent is right at the feet of the constellation Virgo and Hercules. The Archangel Michael would be the constellation Hercules waiting to make war with the serpent (Revelation 12:7).  

Constellations outlined: Serpens in black with red stars, Corona in purple with orange stars,
Virgo in purple with blue stars, and Hercules in red with black stars.

The woman of Revelation 12 should be identified with the constellation Virgo. The woman is Mary who gives birth to Jesus. The 12 stars represents the 12 tribes of Israel. The 13 stars of the constellation Virgo may represent the 12 tribes plus Christ (the bright star Spica?). Another possibility is that the constellation Bootes represents the baby Jesus, and Mary’s crown is the Big Dipper plus Canes Venatici.

Is this the start of the 70th week of Daniel?

I don’t think the Bible specifies the 70th week as being dependent on Satan’s “covenant with many” as Daniel 9:27 would seem to suggest. In fact, nowhere is it directly implied that this seven year period marks the final 70th week of Daniel. It is also the only scripture I’m aware of that would even address this final seven year period of time. I think it’s actually dependent on God’s feasts that He set up and planned in the stars from the beginning of creation. I address this in more detail here.

Notice how it is the position of the celestial bodies in the heavens that marks out the feasts. The final 70th week of Daniel is God dealing with Israel as a nation again after almost 2,000 years of Israel being blinded for not recognizing Him (Luke 19:41-44) as fulfilling the first 69 weeks of Daniel’s prophecy marked at the beginning by the order to rebuild Jerusalem March 16, 445 BC to the triumphal entry April 6, 32 AD, or 173,880 days to the day! The facts on that are in the 70 weeks of Daniel study. I believe God is just as precise about the final week. I think God starts that with the Jewish “head of the year” also known as the feast of trumpets, which is the Jewish feast of Rosh Hashanah. This is the first of three final fall feasts that have fulfillments in the second coming of Christ! Even more incredibly is how on October 5, 2005, the constellation of Virgo the virgin had the new moon, which marks the actual time of Rosh Hashanah, under her feet literally in the heavens as viewed from Jerusalem! She was clothed in the sun. This all sounds very similar to Revelation 12:1,2 and the description of the woman that bore the man-child who would rule with a rod of iron. It just so happens that the literal woman that bore this man-child was a virgin as prophesied in the stars and also came through Israel, who is described in the same manner in one of Joseph’s dreams in Genesis 37:9-11.

If you haven’t done a study on the Hebrew Mazzeroth, I would recommend downloading this $9.95 2-hour mp3 from Chuck Missler on it. Basically, all the 12 constellations are named in Hebrew with the stars that make them up also named. We don’t know all the names, but their identities have remained the same through all the copies and imitations of it so we know some of them. Basically the constellations start with Virgo the virgin and end with Leo the lion according to the prophetic calendar year. This all foretells of Christ, born of a virgin, the lion of the tribe of Judah, who will return in glory and rule with a rod of iron! All twelve constellations tell some part of the story of Christ. This all fits so nicely with God starting the 70th week of Daniel again. Revelation 12 is all about Israel, the Messiah born from her, and her relationship with Satan who has been after her from the beginning. That’s why I call anti-Semitism Satanic, because hatred of a people based solely on the fact that they are Jewish and believe in a Jewish God is exactly what Satan is all about. We see it played out in Revelation 12.

So what is the seven-year covenant that Daniel 9:27 talks about? According to Daniel 9:27, this is the antichrist’s covenant with many. Does it define the beginning point of God’s dealing with Israel? Why would God time it on this? Maybe because that’s when Israel needs Him the most? Daniel 9:27 is the only mention of the final 70th week we have as far as declaring the seven year period and marking the middle with the abomination of desolation. I have a hard time thinking that God didn’t already have this all planned out in spite of Satan’s plans, not because of them. It’s written in the stars! Do you realize what that means?

The whole universe is in a drawn out motion. So slow compared to each other, that it’s almost imperceptible to us. In fact, the constellations have remained almost identical throughout human history. However, the more you zoom into our galaxy and our solar system, the faster the motion gets because the distance between celestial bodies is not as vast. What we call time is marked and measured out by the motion of these celestial bodies. Genesis 1:14-19 That means our dates are controlled by them. By the moon, sun, and constellations being lined up at this precise time 14,000 days after the Jews took back Jerusalem and the temple mount is a little too much coincidence for me to say is chance. Especially when what happened on Rosh Hashanah in the heavens on October 5, 2005 is taken into account!

Points of current study:

Is the “last trump” directly associated with Rosh Hashanah?

This view posits that the harpazo is on Rosh Hashanah, and therefore, the gathering of the bride of Christ to Christ in the clouds occurs of the “Feast of Trumpets,” Rosh Hashanah.

“The Last Trump vs. The Great Trump” by Eddie Chumney

The three great trumpets (shofarim) that mark major events in the redemptive plan of God are associated with days in the Biblical calendar.  The first trump was associated with and was seen as being blown by God on the feast of Shavuot (Pentecost) when God gave the Torah at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:18-19).

In his book, “Festivals of the Jewish Year” in the chapter on Rosh Hashanah, the Orthodox Jewish author (not a believer in Yeshua/Jesus as Messiah) will tell you that an idiom for Rosh Hashanah is the last trump. Therefore because the Last Trump is a Jewish idiom for Rosh Hashanah, the Apostle Paul, when referring to the resurrection of the dead happening at the “last trump,” was using a Jewish idiom for the feast of Rosh Hashanah and indicating that the resurrection of the dead and the catching away of believers will take place on Rosh Hashanah.
This is based on an association an Orthodox Jewish author made via Jewish tradition. I think it’s important to keep in mind that just because they’re Jews, doesn’t mean all the connections the Rabbis made over the years outside of scripture are valid and true. I don’t say this to knock another view down, but to bring a valid point that what we don’t have written in scripture shouldn’t be considered a completely validated point just because Rabbis made that connection. Remember that Israel is blinded. Romanss111TheyThey may not necessarily be the best people to watch in understanding the foreshadows of scripture in all cases. They don’t see the more completed picture now with Christ at the center.

Rosh Hashanah is dictated by the viewing of the new moon from Jerusalem, and that the sun, moon, and stars are for marking of time. Genesis 1:14 Therefore, if we don’t know the feast’s arrival without the precision of the celestial bodies, then it would more accurately be associated with marking the new year. It is the Jewish “head of the year.”

Also, who are the last days focused on in much of scripture? Israel. She is the woman of Revelation 12 as well as the 144,000. Indeed, the 70th week of Daniel is specifically focused on God’s dealing with Israel as a nation for the final seven years of history before Christ’s return to rule for 1,000 years. It was given to Daniel and his people and Jerusalem. If the final three feasts are to be fulfilled in this time-frame, then what might they be foreshadows of? Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year. As we’ve seen, it is also the month of Virgo, who represents the virgin birth of the Messiah, the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, Leo. This marks the prophetic new year, marking the story of Christ in the heavens from before we existed from the virgin birth of Christ through Mary and through Israel, until the Lion of the Tribe of Judah returns in glory, victoriously ruling as prophesied.

The harpazo of the bride of Christ is an event of unknown timing. Mattheww24:366SayingSaying that Rosh Hashanah, which marks precise time based on the celestial bodies, is connected to this day and hour we don’t know doesn’t quite fit either. He goes on to talk about the “great trump” being blown on Yom Kippur. I’m continuing study of this.
The third significant shofar in the redemptive plan of God is called the Great Trump. The Great Trump is associated with and is blown on Yom Kippur.  Therefore, when Scripture explains that the Great Trump will sound and the elect will be gathered at this time, it is indicating that this very different event from the resurrection/harpazo will take place on Yom Kippur.

Other interesting events:

Mount of Olives earthquake on October 3, 2005 (October 3, 2005) - by Arni and Yonit Klein There is nothing quite like hearing the voice of the Lord. When God speaks, your whole body quakes. That was our opening sentence yesterday. This morning (October 3) at 7 AM, on the eve of the Feast of Trumpets, north of the Salt Sea near Jericho, there was a 4.0 earthquake. Sitting in my morning chair, 700 meters above sea level, I felt the shaking continue for about 15 seconds. Only later did I relate the event to the current feast. If we took it as a sign from the Lord, what might He be saying? It is a season of shaking from the foundations of the earth. The shaking will go out from the point of origin and be felt at great distances. The shaking is not yet so severe. The voice of the Lord is audible but not yet booming. So we wish you a meaningful and blessed Feast of Trumpets.
by Jerry Golden Another earthquake in Israel 10-3-05. The second earthquake in less than 30 days has hit Israel today, both in the Jordan Valley just north of Jericho, but what I find most interesting it is where the branch comes off the Syrian-African rift that runs from Syria through Lebanon, Israel and Jordan and down into Africa where it runs up to Jerusalem through the Mount of Olives. They were both registered at 4.3 not large, but large enough to be felt by a lot of us, what makes it important is they have come so close together. An article I wrote a couple years ago will explain why I think it’s important.

List of Dates

Rosh Hashanah will occur on the following days of the secular calendar:

  • Jewish Year 5773: sunset September 16, 2012 - nightfall September 18, 2012
  • Jewish Year 5774: sunset September 4, 2013 - nightfall September 6, 2013
  • Jewish Year 5775: sunset September 24, 2014 - nightfall September 26, 2014
  • Jewish Year 5776: sunset September 13, 2015 - nightfall September 15, 2015
  • Jewish Year 5777: sunset October 2, 2016 - nightfall October 4, 2016